PERSPECTIVE 2008 a Contemporary Feminist Art Project
 
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  De ce avem nevoie de feminism?

Pentru ca nicio alta miscare indiferent de numele pe care il poarta nu are ca prioritate drepturile femeilor (tinere, varstnice, rome, din rural sau urban...), autonomia acestora si parteneriatul dintre femei si barbati in sfera publica si in cea privata.


Educatie
Numarul femeilor cu un nivel mai inalt de educatie incepe sa fie usor mai mare decat cel al barbatilor (77,8% comparativ cu 76,6%), insa diferenta educationala se reflecta invers proportional la nivel de salarizare. Pe scurt, chiar daca sunt mai educate, femeile castiga mai putini bani decat barbatii, aproximativ cu 10%.

Piata muncii
Segregarea ocupatiilor are ca rezultat o subreprezentare a femeilor in domenii bine remunerate. Segregarea ocupationala a crescut din anul 2001 in 2006 de la 11,8% la 22,8%. La nivelul puterii de decizie, numarul barbatilor manageri este dublu in comparatie cu cel al femeilor (31,1%- 68,9%).

Politica
Prezenta fizica a femeilor in politica romaneasca la nivel de decizie este in jur de 10% in Parlament si, de curand, o singura femeie in Guvern, dupa multe luni in care nici una nu s-a regasit pe lista ministrilor.
Prezenta intereselor femeilor pe agenda politica si reprezentarea politica a intereselor femeilor nu reprezinta o prioritate.
Concilierea dintre munca, familie si viata privata lipseste de pe agenda publica si politica, iar prevederile legislative in vigoare nu acopera adecvat acest aspect.

Sanatate

Mortalitatea femeilor in urma cancerului de col uterin este cea mai mare din Europa. Insa, chiar daca la nivelul Ministerului Sanatatii este bine cunoscuta aceasta statistica, nu exista o politica nationala de prevenire.

Cultura
Nu exista studii despre nivelul de reprezentare al femeilor in cultura, insa mass-media promoveaza stereotipuri de gen care, potrivit Raportului Comisiei Europene privind egalitatea de sanse dintre femei si barbati din 2008 reprezinta "bariere in calea realizarii alegerilor individuale atat pentru barbati, cat si pentru femei."


Arte vizuale

Nu se practica un discurs feminist asumat, sau daca el exista este firav, inconsistent, camulflat. Exista crispare, teama de asociere cu orice grupare feminista, sau de etichetare de tipul artista feminista / arta feminista. Procentual numarul studentelor la Universitatea Nationala de Arte este ridicat, insa procentul de femei care urmeaza o cariera universitara aici este foarte scazut. Studiul artei din perspectiva feminista nu-si gaseste loc nici macar ca subdomeniu sau subiect de cercetare, fapt valabil inclusiv la nivel academic. Slaba reprezentare a artei feministe in Romania are la baza inconsistenta informarii, pre-judecatile de valoare, interesul focalizat pe arta ca mijloc de exprimare fara aplicarea unei serioase grile de gen.

Familie
Distributia rolurilor in familie este inechitabila, femeile detinand un monopol al activitatilor de ingrijire din sfera privata. Ele se ocupa de gospodarie si de copii.
Nimeni nu afirma ca rolurile trebuie inversate, ci ca un parteneriat in sfera privata intre femei si barbati ar fi dezirabil.
Violenta domestica: la inceputul anului 2008 - 45% dintre femei agresate verbal, 30% abuzate fizic, 7% abuzate sexual.

Sursa datelor:
Raportul Comisiei catre Consiliu, Parlamentul European, Comitetul Economic si Social European si Comitetul Regiunilor, Egalitatea de Sanse intre femei si barbati - 2008

in parteneriat cu Centrul Filia
Oana Baluta, presedinta

 

Why do we need feminism?

Because no other movement no matter the name doesn't have as a priority women's rights (young, elder, roma, from the rural or urban areas….), their autonomy and the partnership between men and women both in the public and private sphere.


Education:

The number of women with a higher education is slightly higher compared with the number of men (77,8% compared to 76,6%), but the educational difference is proportionally reversed on the salary level. Briefly, even if women are more educated, they gain less money than men, approximately with 10%.

Labor market:

The work segregation has as a result an underrepresentation of women in all well remunerated fields. The occupational segregation grew from 2001 till 2006 from 11, 8% to 22, 8%. On the level of decision making, the number of men managers is double compared to that of women (31,1%-68,9%).


Politics:

The presence of women in Romanian politics on the level of decision making is around 10% in the Parliament and, recently, one woman was appointed in the Government, after several months with no woman's name on the minister's lists.
Women's interests on the political agenda and the political representation of women's interests are not a priority.
The conciliation of work, family and private life is absent from the public and political agenda, and the present legislation doesn't cover properly this aspect.

Healthcare:

Women's death rate as a consequence of cervix cancer is the highest in Europe. Yet, even if this statistics are well known by the Ministry of Healthcare, there is no national policy of prevention.

Culture:
There are no studies about the level of women's cultural representation, yet mass-media promotes gender stereotypes which, as the European Commission Report states regarding the equality of chances between women and men from 2008, represent:"barriers on the way of accomplishing individual choices for men as well as for women".


Visual arts:
The feminist discourse is not assumed, or, if it is practiced, is frail, inconsistent, camouflaged. Clenching, fear of association with any kind of feminist group, or labeling like feminist artist/feminist art persists. The number of women students at the National University of Arts is high, but the percentage of women who attend a university carrier here is very low. The study of art from a feminist perspective doesn't find its place not even as a second domain or research subject, situation also valid on academic level. The weak representation of feminist art in Romania is based on the inconsistence of information, value prejudices, the interest focused on art as a way of expressing without applying a serious gender lens.

Family:

The distribution of roles within the family is unfair since women have "monopolized" care activities in the private sphere. They are responsible with housekeeping and childcare.
Nobody says that the roles have to be reversed, but that a partnership in the private sphere between women and men is desirable.
Domestic violence: at the beginning of 2008 - 45% of women were verbally abused, 30% physically abused, 7% sexually abused.


Date source:
Report from the European Commission to the Council, The European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions on equality between women and men, 2008


in partnership with Filia Center
Oana Baluta, president

 


 


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